Note 1 Share-based Payments
Under IFRS, ASML applies IFRS 2, “Share-based Payments” beginning from January 1, 2004. In accordance with IFRS 2, ASML records as an expense the fair value of its share-based payments with respect to stock options and stock granted to its employees after November 7, 2002. Under IFRS, at period end a deferred tax asset is computed on the basis of the tax deduction for the share-based payments under the applicable tax law and is recognized to the extent it is probable that future taxable profit will be available against which these deductible temporary differences will be utilized. Therefore, changes in the Company’s share price do affect the deferred tax asset at period-end and result in adjustments to the deferred tax asset.
As of January 1, 2006, ASML applies ASC 718 “Compensation- Stock Compensation” which requires companies to recognize the cost of employee services received in exchange for awards of equity instruments based upon the grant-date fair value of those instruments. ASC 718’s general principle is that a deferred tax asset is established as the Company recognizes compensation costs for commercial purposes for awards that are expected to result in a tax deduction under existing tax law. Under U.S. GAAP, the deferred tax recorded on share-based compensation is computed on the basis of the expense recognized in the financial statements. Therefore, changes in the Company’s share price do not affect the deferred tax asset recorded in the Company’s financial statements.
Note 2 Development costs
Under IFRS, ASML applies IAS 38, “Intangible Assets”. In accordance with IAS 38, ASML capitalizes certain development expenditures that are amortized over the expected useful life of the related product generally ranging between one and three years. Amortization starts when the developed product is ready for volume production.
Under U.S. GAAP, ASML applies ASC 730, “Research and Development”. In accordance with ASC 730, ASML charges costs relating to research and development to operating expense as incurred.
Note 3 Reversal of write-downs
Under IFRS, ASML applies IAS 2 (revised), “Inventories”. In accordance with IAS 2, reversal of a prior period write-down as a result of a subsequent increase in value of inventory should be recognized in the period in which the value increase occurs.
Under U.S. GAAP, ASML applies ASC 330 Inventory. In accordance with ASC 330 reversal of a write-down is prohibited as a write-down creates a new cost basis.
Note 4 Income taxes
Under IFRS, ASML applies IAS 12, “Income Taxes” beginning from January 1, 2005. In accordance with IAS 12 unrealized net income resulting from intercompany transactions that are eliminated from the carrying amount of assets in consolidation give rise to a temporary difference for which deferred taxes must be recognized in consolidation. The deferred taxes are calculated based on the tax rate applicable in the purchaser’s tax jurisdiction.
Under U.S. GAAP, the elimination of unrealized net income from intercompany transactions that are eliminated from the carrying amount of assets in consolidation give rise to a temporary difference for which prepaid taxes must be recognized in consolidation. Contrary to IFRS, the prepaid taxes under U.S. GAAP are calculated based on the tax rate applicable in the seller’s rather than the purchaser’s tax jurisdiction.
"Safe Harbor" Statement under the US Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995: the matters discussed in this document may include forward-looking statements, including statements made about our outlook, realization of backlog, IC unit demand, financial results, average selling price, gross margin and expenses. These forward looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties including, but not limited to: economic conditions, product demand and semiconductor equipment industry capacity, worldwide demand and manufacturing capacity utilization for semiconductors (the principal product of our customer base), including the impact of general economic conditions on consumer confidence and demand for our customers’ products, competitive products and pricing, the impact of manufacturing efficiencies and capacity constraints, the pace of new product development and customer acceptance of new products, our ability to enforce patents and protect intellectual property rights, the risk of intellectual property litigation, availability of raw materials and critical manufacturing equipment, trade environment, changes in exchange rates and other risks indicated in the risk factors included in ASML’s Annual Report on Form 20-F and other filings with the US Securities and Exchange Commission.
1 This press release is unaudited.
2 Numbers have been rounded.
3 As of January 1, 2010 ASML adopted ASC 810 "Amendments to FIN 46(R)" which resulted in the consolidation of the Variable Interest Entity which owns ASML's headquarters located in The Netherlands. The comparative figures have been adjusted to reflect this change in accounting policy. As of January 1, 2010 the total impact on Property, plant and equipment and Long-term debt amounts to EUR 36.7 million.
4 The calculation of diluted net income per ordinary share
assumes the exercise of options issued under ASML stock option plans for
periods in which exercise would have a dilutive effect. The calculation
of diluted net income per ordinary share does not assume exercise of
such options when such exercise would be antidilutive.