Revenues for the fourth quarter of 2012 were $3.7 million, down 35% compared with $5.7 million in the fourth quarter of 2011 and $4.3 million in the third quarter of 2012. On a product basis, the percentage revenue decrease was primarily in Data I/O's automated PS and FLX families, as well as the manual FlashPAK family compared to the fourth quarter of 2011. On a regional basis, revenue declined in Asia 52% and Europe 42%, with the Americas revenue increasing 4% compared to the fourth quarter of 2011.
The Company believes the decline in revenue relates primarily to a continuing trend of reduced capital spending and excess equipment capacity, resulting from a downturn in Asia-based electronics manufacturing and economic uncertainty related to the European sovereign debt situation, as well as the emergence of very low cost competitive automated handlers and other programming solutions in Asia. Orders for the fourth quarter of 2012 were $3.5 million resulting in an ending backlog of $0.9 million, compared to $1.0 million at the start of the quarter and $0.8 million on December 31, 2011.
Net loss in the fourth quarter of 2012, including an Azido software technology impairment charge of $2.4 million, was $3.4 million, or ($0.43) per share, compared with net income of $3,000 or $0.00 per diluted share, in the fourth quarter of 2011.
During the fourth quarter, changes in Azido projects and projected cash flows, which decreased or eliminated our expected future cash flows related to Azido technology's use or disposition, resulted in the impairment charge of $2.4 million, and a write down to a carrying value of $35,000 at year end. The impairment charge is a non-cash item. Going forward, we expect to save $200,000 per year in direct costs and $436,000 per year in amortization related to Azido.
Due to the continuing weak market conditions and in order to lower the breakeven revenue point for the Company, we implemented a restructuring plan primarily reducing headcount in September 2012. These restructuring actions were substantially completed during the fourth quarter and combined with other cost control measures resulted in achieving targeted savings in the fourth quarter operating costs.
"Q4 was a difficult quarter with performance in all regions below plan," said Anthony Ambrose, President and Chief Executive Officer. "We delivered on our spending savings coming out of the September 2012 restructuring actions. The RoadRunner3 combined with Factory Integration Software (FIS) was a bright spot in 2012, growing revenues versus 2011. We also won two new automotive customers and new customers for the FLXHD and FLX500 in Q4."
"I have personally met with customers, distributors and sales reps that do business on 4 continents," said Ambrose. "The feedback I received from them was quite clear. They all have tremendous respect for our products, service, support, and see us as the clear leader, the 'gold standard' if you will, in device programming. Both of our primary markets: Automotive and Wireless/Consumer Electronics are showing long term growth in the electronics content, and number of systems produced. These secular trends are favorable for our business. To capture these exciting opportunities, Data I/O will focus on developing products and services to target the unique needs of each market, at the right unit cost, and with the right sales, support and marketing to compete effectively worldwide and gain market share. We are focused on a few prioritized development programs and cost controls everywhere."
"2013 will be a transition year," said Ambrose. "We have modeled the second half as stronger than the first half, primarily due to macro-economic conditions. Our business is highly cyclical, even within the quarter, with almost 50% of the quarterly revenue shipping in the last calendar month of the quarter. Through 8 weeks of the quarter, Q1 2013 is off to a better start for bookings than Q4 2012 and Q1 2012."
Additional Financial Results
Gross margin as a percentage of sales in the fourth quarter of 2012 was 49.0%, compared with 54.5% in the fourth quarter of 2011. The gross margin percentage decrease compared to the fourth quarter of 2011 was primarily due to the impact of decreased sales volume relative to fixed manufacturing costs. Partially offsetting the gross margin percentage decrease were lower cost of direct materials, lower personnel costs resulting from restructuring actions, lower freight and lower physical inventory adjustments than in the fourth quarter of 2011.
Operating expenses decreased by $311,000 in the fourth quarter of 2012 compared to the same period in 2011, excluding restructuring and impairment charges. Research and Development decreased by $45,000 in the fourth quarter of 2012 compared to the same period in 2011 primarily due to lower personnel costs related to restructuring actions and fewer project contractors and lower professional fees, offset in part by more R&D material costs. Selling, General and Administrative expenses costs declined $266,000 primarily attributable to lower personnel costs related to restructuring actions, cost control measures, and lower sales commissions related to sales volume.
For the year ended December 31, 2012, revenue decreased 36% to $17.1 million, from $26.7 million in 2011. International revenues were 83% of total revenue. For the year 2012, the net loss was ($6.4) million, or ($0.80) per diluted share, compared to net income of $1.1 million, or $0.11 per diluted share, in 2011. The RoadRunner family revenue was up 15% and all other product families declined for the year 2012 compared with 2011.
For the year 2012, gross margin as a percentage of sales was 50.6%, compared with 57.1% in 2011. The change in gross margin percentage was primarily due to the impact of decreased sales volume relative to fixed manufacturing costs. Partially offsetting the gross margin percentage decrease were lower factory variances and lower labor costs due to restructuring actions and less engineering costs associated with software development contracts compared to 2011.
Operating expenses in 2012 were $760,000 less than in 2011 excluding restructuring and impairment charges. The primary reductions included $336,000 lower personnel costs primarily related to restructuring actions, $734,000 lower costs associated with outside contractors and consultants, lower sales commissions of $222,000 due to the lower sales volume, and $232,000 of lower incentive compensation due to the financial results. Partially offsetting these reductions were CEO separation and recruiting costs of $475,000, more R&D project materials, and a full year of Azido amortization and Azido personnel costs versus eight months in 2011.
The Company's cash position at December 31, 2012 was $10.5 million, down from $11.2 million at the start of the quarter, with $2.3 million in the USA and the balance in foreign subsidiaries. The Company remains debt free and has 7.7 million shares outstanding at December 31, 2012.
During the quarter, Anthony Ambrose was named President and CEO, replacing the retiring Fred Hume. In January, two new board members, Alan Howe and Mark Gallenberger, were named to the board, replacing the retiring Steve Quist and William Walker. We would like to thank Fred, Steve and Bill for their years of service to the Company.
Conference Call Information
A conference call discussing the fourth quarter and 2012 financial results will follow this release today at 2 p.m. Pacific time/5 p.m. Eastern Time. To listen to the conference call, please dial (612) 288-0329 passcode: DAIO. A taped replay will be made available approximately one hour after the conclusion of the call and will remain available for one week. To access the replay, please dial (320) 365-3844, access code: 283320. The conference call will also be simultaneously web cast over the Internet; visit the News and Events section of the Data I/O Corporation website at http://www.dataio.com to access the call from the site. This web cast will be recorded and available for replay on the Data I/O Corporation website approximately two hours after the conclusion of the conference call.
About Data I/O Corporation
Celebrating 40 years of expertise in delivering intellectual property to programmable devices, Data I/O offers complete, integrated manufacturing solutions in wireless, automotive, programming center, semiconductor, and industrial control market segments for OEM, ODM, EMS and semiconductor companies. Data I/O is the leader in programming and provides hardware and software solutions for turn-key programming and device testing services, as well as in-system (on-board), in-line (right before use at the SMT line), or in-socket (off-line) programming. These solutions are scalable for small, medium and large volume applications with different device mixes. Data I/O Corporation has headquarters in Redmond, Wash., with sales and services worldwide. For further information, visit the company's website at http://www.dataio.com .