Demonstrates Industry’s First Patented Field Assisted Superlinear Threshold Selector Device to Overcome Sneak Path Current Problem in 3D Crosspoint RRAM Arrays
- Enables very high-density storage solutions with faster response time and lower power consumption
- Solves one of the greatest technical challenges faced by developers of high-density RRAM
- Proven in silicon; signals Crossbar’s 3D RRAM readiness for commercialization of Terabyte storage-on-a-chip
SANTA CLARA, Calif. — (BUSINESS WIRE) — December 15, 2014 — Achieving another major milestone needed to bring terabyte storage-on-a-chip to market, Crossbar, Inc., a start-up company pioneering 3D Resistive RAM (RRAM) non-volatile technology, today disclosed it has solved one of the greatest challenges facing developers in achieving ultra-high density RRAM. In a technical presentation at today’s IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting (IEDM) in San Francisco, CA, the company unveiled its approach to suppressing the sneak path current that interferes with reliable reading of data from individual memory cells, one of the most challenging hurdles RRAM developers are currently facing. Without the ability to suppress this sneak path current, RRAM developers are unable to deliver the high-density 3D memories arrays needed to make terabyte storage-on-a-chip possible.
“When we unveiled Crossbar RRAM eighteen months ago, we laid out aggressive plans to deliver a new generation of memory capable of scaling to 1 terabyte (TB) on a chip the size of a postage stamp,” said George Minassian, CEO, Crossbar Inc. “Crossbar continues to overcome the major technical hurdles that have, in the past, kept others from bringing RRAM to market. With this latest achievement, we are one step closer to commercialization, enabling the implementation of RRAM technology in commercial products; a ground breaking achievement that will redefine what is possible with enterprise storage and high-capacity non-volatile SoC memories.”
Today’s announcement follows Crossbar’s previous technology disclosure of its patented 1TnR (1 Transistor driving n Resistive memory cells) selectivity making it possible for a single transistor to manage a very large number of interconnected memory cells, which enables very high capacity solid-state storage. While 1TnR enables a single transistor to drive over 2,000 memory cells with very low power, it also experiences leakage of a sneak path current that interferes with the performance and reliability of a typical RRAM array. Crossbar’s patented field assisted superlinear threshold selector device solves that leakage problem by utilizing a super linear threshold layer, in which a volatile conduction path is formed at the threshold voltage. This field assisted superlinear threshold device is the industry’s first selector capable of suppressing the leakage current below 0.1nA and has been successfully demonstrated in a 4 Mbit integrated 3D stackable passive Crossbar array.
"Without an effective way to suppress the sneak path current, high-density 3D RRAM has been technically unachievable," said Alan Niebel, founder and CEO of Webfeet Research. "Crossbar's selector is the first solution to overcome this design challenge, paving the way for terabyte storage-on-a-chip to become a reality and positioning RRAM as the leading next generation NAND memory replacement."
About the Field Assisted Superlinear Threshold Selector Device
Demonstrated at IEDM, Crossbar’s selector solves the sneak path problem by achieving the highest reported selectivity of 1010, as well as an extremely sharp turn-on slope of less than 5mV/dec, fast turn-on and recovery (<50ns), an endurance greater than 100M cycles, and a processing temperature less than 300°C, all ensuring commercial viability. The company was able to achieve this by developing a patent-protected special architecture in the Crossbar RRAM cells, putting them into a low-voltage state before certain thresholds, enabling a single transistor to drive over 2,000 memory cells with very low power.
Measurements on a 4Mb crossbar array with integrated patented field assisted superlinear threshold selectors show the sneak current suppressed to below 0.1nA, while maintaining a 102 memory on/off ratio and greater than 106 selectivity during cycling, making it ideal for ultra-high density memory applications. The high selectivity of the patented field assisted superlinear threshold device, and its ability to be integrated directly into each RRAM memory cell, make it possible to move beyond the density limitations of 1T1R array structures. Crossbar’s solution allows for implementation in commercial memory products, and is based on a 3D stackable 1TnR memory architecture, for ultra-high density non-volatile memory application.
"When Crossbar first emerged from stealth-mode, there was no question
that flash memory was running out of steam and the industry had set its
sights on RRAM as the next generation technology with the most promise
for high density non-volatile memory," said Greg Wong, founder,
president and principal analyst, Forward Insights. "Since then, the
company has achieved major technical advances and with this
announcement, we now have silicon proof of Crossbar RRAM technology and
can see a potential path towards the commercialization of a next
generation storage technology."