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Louie De Luna
Louie De Luna
Louie is responsible for FPGA level in-target testing technology and requirements lifecycle management for DO-254 and other safety-critical industry standards. He received his B.S. in Computer Engineering from University of Nevada in 2001. His practical engineering experience includes areas in … More »

For DO-254 Compliance, Hardware Flies Not Simulations

 
February 20th, 2014 by Louie De Luna

DO-254 defines 3 types of verification methods: Analysis, Test and Review. In order to satisfy the verification objectives defined in DO-254, applicants must formulate a requirements-based verification plan that employs a combination of the three methods.

Analysis vs. Test

A computerized simulation of the hardware item is considered an Analysis. Test is a method that confirms the actual hardware item correctly responds to a series of stimuli. Any inability to verify specific requirements by Test on the device itself must be justified and alternative means of verification must be provided. In DO-254, the hardware test is far more important than the simulation. Certification authorities favor verification by test for official verification credits because of the simple fact that hardware flies, not simulation models.  Requirements describing pin-level behavior of the device must be verified by hardware test.

Defining the Problem

Testing the FPGA device at the board level provides very low FPGA input control making it difficult to inject certain signals for normal range and robustness tests. Frequently as a result, applicants are left with the option to verify the requirements only by simulation. But simulation is insufficient and in many cases unable to expose errors that may impact safety and reliability of the device under test. Verification of requirements by hardware test during final board testing is challenging and not feasible in most cases.

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Category: DO-254 Compliance

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